The Wild West Mystery: The Truth in the Staged Shooting of Billy, the Kid Who Avoided Death

... Credit : Los Angeles Times
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Carmina Joy in History

Last updated: 27 February 2020, 05:50 GMT

If you haven’t heard the legend of Billy the Kid, we’ll break it down for you. Back in the late 19th century, during the Old West period in American history, a young man named Henry McCarty conjured up a big ruckus at the young age of 21. Orphaned at 13, his life was a constant battle with the law.

Ultimately, the legend goes that he was a darn-good shot who managed to kill 8 other men in the gunfight before falling himself. During his time on the run, he managed to, allegedly, fall anywhere from 13-21 victims. The more accurate number is 4, but as we’ll see later, the Kid was involved in so many deaths that it makes sense why this count is often skewed.

He went by a few names, such as William Bonney, and was a short, slightly stocking-looking person. The one photo, which is the only one we have of him, depicts so.

Some of the biggest questions about the whole legend of the Kid stem from his showdown with Sheriff Pat Garrett of Lincoln County, New Mexico. Did the two know each other beforehand? Did the Kid best 8 men at his end? Where his last words “Quien es?” as the story goes?

There are loads of mysteries revolving around this tale, but none bigger than his ultimate demise being a staged shooting of his own doing. Is there any merit to this claim, and if so, why? Let’s take a deeper look at one of America’s more fascinating Western outlaws.

Some Background on Billy the Kid


It’s hard to deny that sometimes the environment you’re raised in influences you psychologically. This seems to be the case with young Henry, who murdered his first victim at 18 due to an altercation of sorts. At this point, he was already a wanted man, as he escaped prison and then fled to a neighboring state.

This made him a federal fugitive, where his reign as an outlaw and gunslinger truly began.

But let’s back up.

During his upbringing, he had some trouble with the law. Henry’s first offense came at the hands of a local laundry store, where he stole The first came in 1877 and is well-documented: Billy the Kid was asked to help a man named Frank Cahill because of his smooth and friendly demeanor.

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Quick Facts and Myths Regarding Billy


Starting with the Day He Was Born

One of the fist items that is still questioned, and rightfully so, comes with Billy’s birth date. There isn’t any hard evidence to suggest that he was born in New York City, as is often claimed. Among the other places are Indiana or Missouri. Even the date is in question, as of November 20, 1859, and September 17, 1859, are both suggested to be correct.

There are so many different accounts regarding the outlaw’s age that it can be hard to trust, or pinpoint, any opinion. The reality is that the gunslinger was a young man during his days, but there’s nothing to state his 100% birthday and city.

The Wild West Man Had Siblings

There isn’t much reason to document these, but the Wild West outlaw most likely had a brother. Tales are stating one younger and one older, each with a different interpretation.

On the one hand, Billy the Kid supposedly had a younger brother named Edward. Yet, with another story, he had an older brother named Joseph. The former is false, but the latter does remain true to some degree.

The Kid did have a brother named Joseph, he just wasn’t the older of the boys. It’s suggested that he was around 2 or 3 years younger than the fugitive.

Keep in mind that there isn’t hard evidence in either direction. While Joseph was a real person related to Billy, it’s not clear which side of the younger or older spectrum he fell on.

McCarty Was Not a Bandit

It may seem hard to believe, but Billy the Kid was not a bandit-style outlaw. What we mean is that he didn’t make a living, or seek monetary gain, from stealing trains, robbing banks, or holding up stagecoaches.

As it stands, the Kid gained his reputation from gunfighting and rustling cattle throughout the New Mexico land.



Some Unbelievable Myths About the Man


As with any legend, there are always going to be hard-to-believe statements regarding one’s life or actions, especially someone who lived turning a changing American frontier.

One of the craziest stories is that Billy used a knife to decapitate a neighbor’s kitten when he was just 10 years old. As much as the man, or boy, may have enjoyed gunplay later in his life, this didn’t mean he was a sadistic killer.

Most of the first-person accounts of Henry talk about his friendly nature, even and a cool temperament, and note his lack of drinking.

So, is this unbelievable? Absolutely.

Also, as much as people might want to believe it, Billy the Kid never rode with any of the other famous outlaws of the time. People such as Jesse James, Butch Cassidy, or John Hardin were never in his party, as most of them were engulfed by an age gap.  

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His Time as a Regulator and the Lincoln County War


After this, he found himself in a frontier feud where he earned his reputation as a shoot-first, questions-later sort of man.

Everything started in Lincoln County, New Mexico, where Billy was hired as a protection agent for Mr. John Tunstall’s property. Why was he hired as a security guard? Because Tunstall had a business rivalry with another dry goods and cattle company, one that ultimately got him killed.

It happened in February 1878, as Tunstall was murdered by the Sheriff of Lincoln County, William Brady, who supported the opposing business.

After his death, Billy and some former employees rounded themselves together into a group known as “The Regulators.” This group had one mission: revenge for their former boss. Long story short, the Kid would go on to kill William Brady and end up in the middle of a 5-day firefight.

This is where his reputation as a skilled gunman would come from, and with it the reputation.

For Billy, the biggest gain for him was the public attention and image that came with being an on-the-run outlaw and had become proud of himself and accomplishments.



But Did He Die on His Terms?


All that said, we’re here to examine the possibility of Billy the Kid staging his killing.

At the outset, it would seem unlikely, but there’s also evidence that points to the myth having some merit. Pat Garrett, the Sheriff who became a Western legend for killing Billy, was accused of helping the man fake his death.

One of the more interesting facts about the case was that, as the account goes, Mr. Garrett recognized Billy’s voice during their fateful meeting in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. Thus, instead of trying to arrest or capture him, the Sheriff blindly fired off two rounds from his six-shooter.

The first bullet struck the heart of the outlaw, while the second one missed him completely. It wouldn’t matter, as the Western gunslinger was announced dead on the spot.

Overall though, there would be reports that people who knew Billy would ID his body over the days after his death.

Billy the Kid Is Still a Legend


Even though it seems unlikely, at this point, that the Western fugitive had the help of a Sheriff to fake his death, the tale itself still provides an interesting look at America during this period. The fame of Billy, a young, charming man who was on the run in the Southwest part of America would be known across the country and for years to come.

In the end, you can believe whatever you want regarding the events surrounding his death, but it’s more likely that Billy simply tempted fate a bit much. After all, no matter what any story says, it would be hard to best three men by yourself late at night, particularly, if you were hungry.